What is scale in engineering drawing | Science-Atlas.com (2023)

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Scaling: what it is and why it matters for your site plan. The meaning of "scale" is all around us. From the homes we live in to the skyscrapers that amaze us, each of these structures began as a piece of land and a dream. How did these dreams come true? In this article we will discover how important the concept of "scale" is not only in the development of these structures, but also how important it is in the creation of site plans for each of our clients.

Although similar in appearance to an architect's scale, the engineering scale is more precise and has a decimal scaling scheme, while the architect's scale uses a fractional scale. It is designed to be read left to right only. An Architect scale can be read from the left or right side.

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Scale and your site plan– The engineering rule, also known as the civil rule, is used to measure lengths and transfer measurements of length to other scales or proportions of actual length. It is triangular in cross section and each of the three sides contains two different scale markings for a total of six scales. In North America, the scales are marked 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60, with the graduations representing decimal fractions of an inch. Therefore, one inch on a drawing is between 10 and 60 feet.

Standards in the technical drawing

Usually the word scale is used for an instrument used to draw straight lines. But actually, in engineering language, scale means the ratio or relationship between the dimensions assumed for the drawing and the corresponding dimensions of the object. It can be viewed in two different ways. Example: The real room dimensions mean that 10m x 8m cannot be included in the drawing. The dimensions must be reduced in a suitable proportion in order to take them over appropriately on the drawing sheet. If the space on the drawing sheet is represented by a rectangle measuring 10 cm x 8 cm, this means that the actual size is 100 times smaller. Representation of scales: The relationship between drawing and object can be represented in two ways: a) Scale: - 1 cm = 1 m or 1 cm = 100 cm or 1:100 b) Representative fraction: - (RF) = 1 / 100 (less than one) i. My. the ratio between the size of the drawing and the object. Depending on the ratio, which you specify as 1, there are three types of scales. Reduction Scale: When the dimensions of the drawing are smaller than the actual dimensions of the object.

Diagonal scale drawing– Below are three examples of diagonal scales. This scale would be used when the drawing is twice the size of the natural object and the drafter needs to be able to do this.

Construct the simple figure shown in Fig. 2, and then, using a proportional scale, draw a similar figure standing on the base AG. All angles must be constructed geometrically in the first figure. Measure and report the length of the side for CO Oxford Local Examinations. (Question originally asked about Imperial units; see Chapter 2 for information not found in Chapter 1.)

(Video) Scales in Engineering Drawing| Simple Explanation by Subhodaya Part-1

In this in-depth guide to the different types of engineering drawing scales, we will discuss engineering drawing scales and what they are called for use in all technical drawings in all fields of engineering. What is a scale in the technical drawing? Full scale, enlarged scale and reduced scale on the engineering drawing: Representative Fraction (RF) designation of the scales on the engineering drawing BIS recommended scales on the engineering drawing The requirement for the construction of a scale on the engineering drawing. Types of engineering drawing scales:Single scaleDiagonal scaleVernier scaleDirect vernier or forward vernierRetrograde vernier or backward vernierDouble vernier scaleComparison scaleChord scaleAdditional information about engineering drawing scalesWhat is an engineering drawing scale? Engineering drawing scales are the relationship between the linear dimension of an element of an object as represented in the original drawing and the actual linear dimension of the same element of the object itself.

Video tips: 1.8-What is a "scale" in the engineering drawing? How do you determine the scale of your drawing?

This video explains the meaning and importance of the \"scale\" drawing in the engineering drawing. What is a ruler and what are the standards for using the ruler in technical drawing? Another important question is how should I decide what the scale should be in my drawing. What are the reduction and enlargement ratios? The answer to this question is provided by drawing the projections of a stool. The decision is based on the dimensions required on the drawing sheet in relation to the actual object dimensions.

CAD scaling factors

Architectural and technical scaling factors for use in computer-aided design.

CAD users draw large buildings for the sake of simplicity and clarity. For example, if you draw a door in CAD, the door would be 3 feet wide and 7 feet high. However, since these drawings are placed on much smaller sheets of paper, a scaling factor is required in order for the final drawing to have a useful conversion factor.

Calculation of the scaling factor

You'll notice that the viewport scale in the diagrams below shows a scale with the suffix XP. The suffix is ​​AutoCAD's nomenclature for changing the scale within a viewport. For example, you are in paper space on a sheet, then enter model space in the viewport, then enter Z or Zoom and enter 96xp to scale the drawing to 1/8" = 1'-0" on paper. Space. Autodesk put it another way: “You can change the viewport scale with the XP option of the ZOOM command when accessing model space from a layout viewport.

Engineering drawings: size and scale

Confusion about size and scale can arise in architectural and engineering drawings. Let's take a closer look at some of the industry standards to better understand the characteristics of each standard. Scale Most construction drawings are created to a specific scale by the engineer or architect.

TO LEARN HOW TO SCALE ENGINEERING DRAWINGS GO TO THIS POST: SCALING ENGINEERING DRAWINGS When it comes to architectural and engineering drawings, there can be confusion about size and scale. Let's take a closer look at some of the industry standards to better understand the characteristics of each standard. ~Engineering drawings are usually created in ARCH D or ANSI D size~Scale Most engineering drawings are created to a specific scale by the engineer or architect. This identifier is noted somewhere in the document, usually at the bottom of the page, in the title block, or under an individual section. ~If a drawing is in its original size, it is considered FULL SIZE AND SCALABLE ~ PAPER SIZE There are two sets of standardized page sizes for engineering documents: ANSI (American National Standards Institute) and ARCH (Architectural). Typically, when an architect or engineer creates a scale drawing, it is formatted to fit one of these page sizes. The following table shows both sets of standards: Most full-size documents are created in ANSI D or ARCH D size.


Mechanical drawing scales tutorial– When representing assemblies or parts, it is often necessary to draw the largest or smallest assemblies or parts. Typically, smaller details are drawn larger to allow a draftsman to include dimensions and notes, and larger assemblies are drawn at a smaller scale to show the "big picture". First, we need to establish what a… mechanical drawing scale tutorial is.

When representing assemblies or parts, it is often necessary to draw the largest or smallest assemblies or parts. Typically, smaller details are drawn larger to allow a draftsman to include dimensions and notes, and larger assemblies are drawn at a smaller scale to show the "big picture".

Scaling is a drawing method used to increase or decrease the size of a drawing while maintaining the same proportions of the drawing. Scales are usually expressed in terms of proportions, and the most common scales used when drawing furniture are 1:1, 1:2, 1:5, and 1:10 to zoom out, and possibly 2:1 to zoom in.

Video tip: scale in construction drawing

You will learn how to convert the drawing to a specific scale, e.g. 1:50, 1:100, etc. Converting the drawing to the right scale is very important for civil engineer, mechanical engineer or architect. To draw on the drawing sheet, you need to convert your ideas to the right scale.


What is the scale of the drawing?

The scale of the drawings is described as a ratio using the notation:A full-size distance: The distance in the scale used that would be the same length. For example: a full size drawing would be 1:1 (or sometimes 1/1 or "one to one"). A medium sized drawing would be 1:2.

(Video) 1. Scale and its Types | Engineering Graphics

What is scale in engineering drawing and their types

IsNinius-SkalenIn engineering drawing it is used to indicate distances in a unit and its two immediate subdivisions. The vernier scale consists of two parts: (a) main scale and (b) vernier scale. The vernier is an auxiliary scale attached to one end of the main scale.

What does scaling mean in technology?

In scientific and technical terminologya device for measuring linear distances and making proportional linear measurementsit's called scale. A device for drawing straight lines is a ruler or ruler. In general usage, both are usually known.

Why are scales used in technical drawing?

Technical drawings are thus drawn to scalethat engineers, architects and builders can create the objects on the drawing according to exact specifications. When reading scales, the number on the left corresponds to the measurement on the drawing; The number on the right is the actual size.

What is a scale example?

The scale is defined as a system or series of markings used to measure or record. A scale example iswhat someone would use to calculate the length of something. An example of a scale is what someone would use to find out how much they weigh.

(Video) What is Scale in Engineering Drawing/Introduction of Scale/Full Scale/Reducing Scale/Enlarging Scale

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